Different Spring Types and What to Use Them For

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Spring installed in car

Springs are an essential component of many everyday items. They come in many different types and sizes, each with a designated purpose, especially for machines and products. From cars to medical equipment to household necessities, springs are present, and they are essential in making them function.

Springs can be custom-made to fit certain equipment. Manufacturers in Texas, for example, offer many different high-quality torsion springs that specialists can configure according to a customer’s demands. Compression springs and other types of springs can also be customized to suit the needs of various products, equipment, and machinery.

That said, let’s enumerate the different types of springs and their common uses.

1. Torsion Spring

It is a helical metal spring type that exerts a force (called torque) in a radial direction. Torsion springs store energy in a twisting, rotational motion, and they are used to hold two mechanisms together. They’re commonly found in clothespins, clocks (knows as torsion pendulum clocks), watches, door hinges, and vehicle suspensions. They are manufactured in different sizes and thicknesses to fit the objects mentioned.

2. Compression Spring

This spring is another helical-type metal spring, but it is open-coiled with an axially exerted force. Unlike torsion springs that hold two mechanisms together, a compression spring keeps two mechanisms apart. The more pressure or weight this spring endures, the more energy or strength it gains to push back. They are commonly used in pens, pogo sticks, couches, mattresses, locks, devices with push-button parts, medical instruments, and also in vehicle suspensions.

3.  Conical Spring

Also known as tapered or cone spring, the conical spring is a type of compression spring with small curls at the top, and wider coils at the bottom. Each coil is slightly larger than the other, so it’s tapered or cone-shaped. They are also used in push-buttons and electrical contacts.

4. Wireform

Manufacturers can form this versatile spring to suit various purposes. This spring features custom-made ends, and it can come in a wide range of sizes. They are used in small and everyday items like hooks, electronics, and vehicles, industrial equipment like agricultural and construction tools, in medical devices and pharmaceuticals, and large and sophisticated devices like aerospace components.

5.  Clock Spring

Also known as power spring, a clock spring is a helical spring type with a wounded shape designed to expand naturally. The expansion produces a small circular motion, which is also called torque. A clock spring consists of a flat coil strip that tightly winds around each other. You’ll find them in materials that require several torsion spring turns.

6.  Flat Spring

This spring, as the name suggests, has a flat shape with a high width-to-thickness ratio. Flat springs are widely used in the automotive industry and are available in different varieties, including cantilever springs and leaf springs.

7. Wave Spring

You can a piece is a wave spring based on its wave-like appearance. They are generally used in compact-sized applications and are suited for materials only requiring a low mounting dimension.

8. Hourglass Spring

Springs installed in engine

Like an hourglass, this spring is narrow at the center and wider at the edges. It is also known as the concave spring, and they are suitable for high-load applications.

Because of its fantastic capability to be manufactured into many different shapes and sizes, you can create custom springs. As you saw, you can find springs in almost all kinds of materials, from the smallest and most straightforward, to the largest and most complicated products. For this reason, springs are one of the most popular hardware in use.

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